What Does LTV Mean in Mortgage Loans?
LTV is a valuable user metric that predicts how much a user will be worth over their lifetime with an app, even before they reach their ARPU (or average revenue per user). It can help marketers understand the value of users and optimize user acquisition strategies.
Mortgage lenders often divide their mortgage products into different LTV bands, with higher LTV bands requiring mortgage insurance and higher interest rates.
What is LTV?
The term LTV stands for loan-to-value ratio, and it is used to measure how much of a mortgage a borrower is taking out relative to the home’s appraised value or sales price. The lower a borrower’s LTV, the less risky they are to lenders, and that can help them qualify for mortgage programs and get better interest rates. LTVs are also important for businesses, such as apps, that want to predict how much a user will spend on their product and then maximize their marketing budget accordingly.
Borrowers can reduce their LTV by making larger down payments or buying less expensive homes, which increases the amount of equity they have in the property. For conventional loans backed by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, an LTV above 80% may require mortgage insurance (PMI), which can add to the cost of a monthly mortgage payment. Keeping tabs on your LTV can be helpful for determining when you should request PMI to be removed from your loan.
High LTV Loans
Whether you’re applying for an auto loan or mortgage, it’s important to understand how your LTV ratio affects the loans you’re eligible for. Mortgage lenders are more likely to offer borrowers with lower LTVs better interest rates. Plus, if you have a low LTV, you may be able to avoid paying PMI, which can save homeowners money over the lifetime of their mortgages.
One of the quickest ways to decrease your LTV is by saving up for a large deposit. This can also help you start building equity in your home sooner, which could pay off in the long run if you’re ever remortgaging.
FHA loans are mortgages backed by the federal government. They have more lenient credit requirements and a shorter waiting period after bankruptcy than conventional loan options. They also have lower down payment requirements, making homeownership possible for borrowers with less savings.
Another key difference is that FHA borrowers pay an upfront MIP, which can be financed into the loan or paid over time through an annual MIP. Both the up-front and annual payments are deposited into an escrow account that the U.S. Treasury manages in the event of a default on the mortgage.
Another drawback is that FHA loan limits are often lower than those of a conforming or non-conforming conventional mortgage. That may mean that borrowers will need to either put more money down, use a different type of mortgage or buy a cheaper home. It’s also worth noting that borrowers will need to prove steady income in order to qualify for an FHA loan, sharing pay stubs, W-2s and federal tax returns as well as other verification documents.
Home Equity Loans
Home equity loans are similar to second mortgages, but they use your home’s value as collateral. The lender may require that you have a cosigner and really good credit to qualify for one of these. The interest you pay is also tax deductible.
In some cases, you may be able to get a home equity loan with a low LTV if you have a strong income and high credit score. However, you should always consider the risks involved when applying for a home equity loan.
When you apply for a home equity loan, lenders calculate a combined-loan-to-value (CLTV) ratio that includes the aggregate principal balances of all your first mortgages and home equity products, plus the amount of any outstanding liens on the property. This number is then divided by the property’s appraised value or purchase price, whichever is lower. If you don’t repay the loan, the lender has the right to foreclose on your home.